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The Eurasian Eagle Owl is a species of horned owl resident in much of Europe and Asia. Typically for this species are the ear tufts and the orange colored iris.
Eagle Owls have various hunting techniques, and will take prey on the ground or in full flight. They may hunt in forests, but prefer open spaces and the major part of their diet consists of mammals (voles, rats, mice, foxes, hares etc...), but birds of all kinds are also taken, including crows, ducks, grouse and even other birds of prey.
Eagle Owls occupy a variety of habitats, from coniferous forests to warm deserts. Rocky landscapes are often favored. Adequate food supply and nesting sites seem to be the most important prerequisites. Eurasian Eagle Owls may live more than 60 years in captivity. In the wild, about 20 years may be the maximum.
They have no real natural enemies; collision with traffic and shooting are the main causes of death. In Mongolia Eagle Owls live in the north and Altai mountains. They are protected by law.